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Mineral Solubility

 

This page mainly exists as a guide for mineral cleaning and preparation. For instance, let’s say you have nice Barite crystals, but they are embedded and covered over by Calcite. From the tables below you would find that Calcite dissolves readily in Hydrochloric Acid, but Barite is unaffected by it. So that acid could be used to etch away the Calcite, exposing the Barite crystals.

Legend
Readily Affected
Moderately Affected
Slightly Affected
Minerals Soluble in Water
Carnallite Hanksite Orpiment
Chalcanthite Inyoite Polyhalite
Colemanite Kernite Sylvite
Cryolite Melanterite Thenardite
Greenockite Nahcolite Trona
Halite Natron Ulexite
Halotrichite Niter
Minerals Soluble in Hydrochloric Acid
Acanthite Franklinite Phillipsite
Adamite Galena Polyhalite
Aegirine Goethite Prehnite
Allanite Gmelinite Priceite
Amblygonite Greenockite Psilomelane
Analcime Gypsum Purpurite
Andradite Halotrichite Pyrolusite
Anhydrite Hanksite Pyromorphite
Ankerite Harmotome Rhodochrosite
Anorthite Hematite Rhodonite
Apatite Hemimorphite Rosasite
Apophyllite Heulandite Samarskite
Aragonite Howlite Scheelite
Aurichalcite Hübnerite Scolecite
Autunite Ilmenite Scorodite
Azurite Ilvaite Scorzalite
Benitoite Inderite Serpentine
Bismuth Inyoite Siderite
Braunite Iron Smithsonite
Brochantite Jarosite Sodalite
Brucite Kernite Sphalerite
Calcite Kurnakovite Stibnite
Calomel Laumontite Stilbite
Cancrinite Lazulite Strontianite
Carnallite Lazurite Sylvite
Carnotite Lepidolite Tenorite
Cassiterite Leucite Thenardite
Celestine Lithiophilite Thomsonite
Cerussite Ludlamite Torbernite
Cervantite Magnesite Triphylite
Chabazite Magnetite Triplite
Chalcanthite Malachite Trona
Chondrodite Manganite Turquoise
Chrysocolla Margarite Tyuyamunite
Colmanite Melanterite Uraninite
Copper Metatorbernite Vanadinite
Cordierite Metazeunerite Variscite
Covellite Meyerhofferite Vesuvianite
Crocoite Mimetite Vivianite
Cuprite Monazite Wardite
Cyanotrichite Mottramite Wavellite
Datolite Nahcolite Willemite
Descloizite Natrolite Witherite
Dioptase Natron Wollastonite
Dolomite Nepheline Wulfenite
Epidote Niter Wurtzite
Ferberite Olivenite Zeunerite
Fergusonite Olivine Zincite
Fluorite Pectolite  
Minerals Unaffected by Hydrochloric Acid
Amphibole Enstatite Pyrite
Andalusite Gahnite Pyrope
Andesine Gold Quartz
Antimony Graphite Riebeckite
Arsenic Grossular Rutile
Arsenopyrite Hedenbergite Sanidine
Barite Hornblende Scapolite
Beryl Hypersthene Sillimanite
Bismuthinite Kyanite Silver
Brookite Labrodorite Spessartine
Bytownite Löllingite Spinel
Cerargyrite Marcasite Spodumene
Chalcedony Microcline Sulfur
Chromite Millerite Talc
Chrysoberyl Neptunite Tantalite
Cinnabar Niccolite Topaz
Columbite Oligoclase Tourmaline
Corundrum Opal Tremolite
Cryolite Orthoclase Xenotime
Danburite Perovskite Zircon
Diamond Phenakite  
Diaspore Platinum  
Minerals Soluble in Sulfuric Acid
Acanthite Cyanotrichite Priceite
Adamite Descloizite Pyromorphite
Amblygonite Ferberite Pyrophyllite
Anhydrite Fergusonite Rhodochrosite
Ankerite Fluorite Rosasite
Antimony Gahnite Rutile
Apatite Halotrichite Samarskite
Aragonite Hanksite Scorodite
Arsenic Howlite Scorzalite
Aurichalcite Hübnerite Siderite
Autunite Inyoite Silver
Azurite Iron Smithsonite
Barite Kernite Sodalite
Biotite Kurnakovite Spinel
Bismuth Lazulite Strontianite
Brochantite Lithiophilite Sylvite
Brookite Ludlamite Tantalite
Brucite Magnesite Thenardite
Calaverite Malachite Topaz
Calcite Manganite Torbernite
Carnallite Melanterite Triphylite
Carnotite Metatorbernite Triplite
Celestine Metazeunerite Trona
Cerussite Meyerhofferite Tyuyamunite
Chalcanthite Mimetite Uraninite
Chlorite Molybdenite Vivianite
Chrysocolla Monazite Wardite
Clinochlore Mottramite Wavellite
Columbite Nahcolite Willemite
Copper Natron Witherite
Covellite Niter Wulfenite
Crocoite Olivenite Xenotime
Cryolite Perovskite Zeunerite
Cuprite Phlogopite Zincite
Minerals Unaffected by Sulfuric Acid
Amphibole Diaspore Opal
Andalusite Enstatite Orthoclase
Andesine Epidote Phenakite
Arsenopyrite Gold Platinum
Beryl Graphite Pyrite
Bismuthinite Grossular Pyrope
Bytownite Hedenbergite Quartz
Calomel Hornblende Riebeckite
Cassiterite Hypersthene Sanidine
Cerargyrite Kyanite Scapolite
Cervantite Labrodorite Sillimanite
Chalcedony Löllingite Spessartine
Chromite Marcasite Spodumene
Chrysoberyl Microcline Sulfur
Cinnabar Millerite Talc
Corundrum Neptunite Tourmaline
Danburite Niccolite Tremolite
Diamond Oligoclase Zircon

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